Which developmental factors are associated with pediatric HIV infection?

Updated: Mar 05, 2020
  • Author: Delia M Rivera, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Failure to attain typical milestones suggests a developmental delay. Such delays, particularly impairment in the development of expressive language, may indicate HIV encephalopathy. The loss of previously attained milestones may signify a CNS insult due to progressive HIV encephalopathy or opportunistic infection.

In older children, behavioral abnormalities (eg, loss of concentration and memory) may indicate HIV encephalopathy.

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