What are the WHO estimates on the incidence and prevalence of pediatric HIV infection, and how are primary caregivers affected?

Updated: Mar 05, 2020
  • Author: Delia M Rivera, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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The World Health Organization (WHO) [6] estimates that approximately 2.5 million children were living with HIV infection as of 2009. In 2009 alone, 370,000 children were newly infected. [7] This is a drop of 24% from 5 years earlier. [8]

Not only are the children themselves ravaged by disease, but their primary caregivers have also often succumbed to AIDS. This is most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, where an estimated 11.6 million children had been orphaned by AIDS as of 2007.

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