What are the risk factors for recurrent croup?

Updated: Oct 09, 2019
  • Author: Germaine L Defendi, MD, MS, FAAP; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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A retrospective study assessed for those risk factors in children diagnosed with recurrent croup, that would predict moderate/severe findings on direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy and the need for further operative interventions. The authors concluded that moderate to severe findings were present in 8.7% of children with history of recurrent croup. Using statistical modeling, they reported that the two high-risk patient groups are (1) patients without a history of intubation, but with inpatient consultation and (2) patients with a history of intubation and age younger than 36 months. [18]

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