What causes bacterial tracheitis?

Updated: Nov 26, 2018
  • Author: Sujatha Rajan, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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The following causes have been noted:

  • S aureus: Community-associated methicillin-resistant S aureus (CA-MRSA) has recently emerged as an important agent in the United States; this could result in a greater frequency of MRSA strains that cause tracheitis.

  • S pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and other alpha hemolytic streptococcal species

  • Moraxella catarrhalis: Recent reports suggest it is a leading cause of bacterial tracheitis and associated with increased intubation.

  • Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib): This cause is less common since the introduction of the Hib vaccine.

  • Klebsiella species

  • Pseudomonas species

  • Anaerobes

  • Peptostreptococcus species

  • Bacteroides species

  • Prevotella species

  • Other

    • Mycoplasma pneumoniae

    • Mycobacterium tuberculosis (endobronchial disease)

    • H1N1 influenza [11]

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