What is the prevalence of bacterial tracheitis in the US?

Updated: Nov 26, 2018
  • Author: Sujatha Rajan, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Answer

Tan and Manoukian reported that 500 children were hospitalized for croup at one pediatric hospital over a 32-month period. [6] Approximately 98% had viral croup, and 2% had bacterial tracheitis. Cases usually occur in the fall or winter months, mimicking the epidemiology of viral croup.

A study that described the frequency and severity of complications in hospitalized children younger than 18 years with seasonal influenza (during 2003-2009) and 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) (during 2009-2010) reported that out of 7293 children hospitalized with influenza, less than 2% had complications from tracheitis. However, along with other rare complications, tracheitis was associated with a median hospitalization duration of more than 6 days, with 48%-70% of children requiring intensive care. [7]


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