Which clinical history findings are characteristic of antithrombin III (ATIII) deficiency?

Updated: Mar 04, 2020
  • Author: James L Harper, MD; Chief Editor: Hassan M Yaish, MD  more...
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Personal history of thrombosis is particularly important in terms of treatment. Patients with congenital antithrombin III deficiency who have had one unprovoked thrombotic event (particularly in the mesenteric or splanchnic systems) are much more likely to have recurrent clots. These patients are usually treated with indefinite anticoagulant therapy; thus, careful review of this area is wise.

Family history may be helpful. However, due to a late onset of venous thrombosis and a relatively recent development of the ability to accurately screen for specific defects, many patients have family histories that are negative for the condition, even in affected kindreds. Family history topics should include venous thrombosis of the splanchnic system, thrombosis in any vessel without evident cause of local etiology, and recurrent miscarriages.

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