Which medications in the drug class Estrogen replacement therapies are used in the treatment of Turner Syndrome?

Updated: Mar 19, 2021
  • Author: Maala S Daniel, MBBS; Chief Editor: Luis O Rohena, MD, MS, FAAP, FACMG  more...
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Answer

Estrogen replacement therapies

Almost all individuals require estrogen replacement. Estrogen is usually started at chronologic age 12 years or older. Adults usually require cyclic therapy with both estrogen and progestin. Transdermal or parenteral estrogen may be useful in limiting some adverse effects of estrogen therapy.

Estrogens

Available in many forms (eg, estradiol [Estrace], conjugated estrogens [Premarin]). Transdermal therapy is more physiologic than oral medications. Restore estrogen levels to concentrations that induce negative feedback at gonadotrophic regulatory centers, which, in turn, reduces release of gonadotropins from pituitary. Increases synthesis of DNA, RNA, and many proteins in target tissues.


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