What is the role of a cardiologist in the treatment of Turner syndrome?

Updated: Mar 19, 2021
  • Author: Maala S Daniel, MBBS; Chief Editor: Luis O Rohena, MD, MS, FAAP, FACMG  more...
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A cardiologist should evaluate all patients at diagnosis.

Patients with systemic hypertension or aortic valve anomalies are at higher risk for aortic dissection.

Patients found to have significant anomalies should have long-term follow-up care and possibly SBE prophylaxis.

Because of the risks of aortic root dilatation and mortality due to aortic dissection, cardiac evaluation (including echocardiography) may be worthwhile every 5 years, even in patients with normal findings on initial cardiovascular examination.

Patients contemplating pregnancy should have a complete cardiovascular evaluation prior to attempting assisted reproduction or conception.

Patients with a bicuspid aortic valve, coarctation of the aorta, or dilation of the aorta have a higher risk of dissecting aortic aneurysm or rupture.

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