What is Turner syndrome?

Updated: Mar 19, 2021
  • Author: Maala S Daniel, MBBS; Chief Editor: Luis O Rohena, MD, MS, FAAP, FACMG  more...
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Answer

In 1938, Henry Turner first described Turner syndrome, which is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities. [1] More than 95% of adult women with Turner syndrome exhibit short stature and infertility. Examples of manifestations of Turner syndrome are shown in the images below.

A patient with Turner syndrome is shown. This post A patient with Turner syndrome is shown. This posterior view shows a low hairline and a shield-shaped chest. Note the narrow hip development.
Lymphedema of the feet in an infant is shown. The Lymphedema of the feet in an infant is shown. The toes have the characteristic sausagelike appearance.
Hyperconvex nails in Turner syndrome. Note U-shape Hyperconvex nails in Turner syndrome. Note U-shaped cross section.

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