Which endocrine/metabolic and autoimmune diseases are associated with Klinefelter syndrome?

Updated: Mar 23, 2020
  • Author: Germaine L Defendi, MD, MS, FAAP; Chief Editor: Luis O Rohena, MD, MS, FAAP, FACMG  more...
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Hypogonadism (pathognomonic) and associated osteoporosis occur. Bone density decreases in 25% of males with Klinefelter syndrome, with this most likely being related to decreased bone formation, increased bone resorption, and/or hypogonadism.

An increased incidence of diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypothyroidism, Sjögren syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus have been reported in males with Klinefelter syndrome.

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