How is Klinefelter syndrome diagnosed?

Updated: Mar 23, 2020
  • Author: Germaine L Defendi, MD, MS, FAAP; Chief Editor: Luis O Rohena, MD, MS, FAAP, FACMG  more...
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Answer

Klinefelter syndrome may be diagnosed prenatally from fetal cytogenetic analyses performed on chorionic villi or amniocytes. If Klinefelter syndrome is not diagnosed prenatally, a patient with 47,XXY karyotype may demonstrate various subtle, age-related clinical signs that would prompt diagnostic testing. Karyotype analysis on peripheral blood lymphocytes, the XCAT-KS buccal swab test, fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH), and microarrays are options for postnatal diagnostic testing.


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