Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with Down syndrome?

Updated: Apr 30, 2018
  • Author: Gratias Tom Mundakel, MBBS, DCH; Chief Editor: Maria Descartes, MD  more...
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Answer

Consultations with the following may be indicated:

  • Clinical geneticist - Referral to a genetics counseling program is highly desirable

  • Developmental pediatrician

  • Cardiologist - Early cardiologic evaluation is crucial for diagnosing and treating congenital heart defects, which occur in up to 50% of these patients

  • Pediatric pulmonologist - Recurrent respiratory tract infections are common in patients with Down syndrome

  • Ophthalmologist [61]

  • Dentist

  • Neurologist/neurosurgeon – As many as 10% of patients with Down syndrome have epilepsy; therefore, neurologic evaluation may be needed; patients with atlantoaxial instability may need to be evaluated by a neurosurgeon

  • Orthopedic specialist

  • Child psychiatrist - A child psychiatrist should lead liaison interventions, family therapies, and psychometric evaluations

  • Physical and occupational therapist

  • Speech-language pathologist

  • Audiologist


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