What are the possible ophthalmologic complications of Down syndrome?

Updated: Apr 30, 2018
  • Author: Gratias Tom Mundakel, MBBS, DCH; Chief Editor: Maria Descartes, MD  more...
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Answer

Eye disorders affect a majority of patients with Down syndrome. [61]  Refractive errors, such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism, occur in 35-75% of individuals and can be corrected with glasses. [62] Other common eye disorders include strabismus and nystagmus. Congenital cataracts may affect 5% of newborns and can lead to blindness if left untreated. Additional serious eye disorders include glaucoma and keratoconus. Blockage of tear ducts (nasolacrimal duct stenosis) is common and can lead to increased tear stasis and conjunctivitis.


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