Which behavioral and psychiatric findings are characteristic of Down syndrome?

Updated: Apr 30, 2018
  • Author: Gratias Tom Mundakel, MBBS, DCH; Chief Editor: Maria Descartes, MD  more...
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Answer

In general, natural spontaneity, genuine warmth, cheerfulness, gentleness, patience, and tolerance are characteristics of patients with Down syndrome. A few patients exhibit anxiety and stubbornness.

Most children with Down syndrome do not have a coexisting psychiatric or behavioral disorder. The available estimates of psychiatric comorbidity range from 18-38%. The disorders include attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, nonspecific disruptive disorder, autism spectrum disorders, and stereotypical movement disorder in prepubertal children with Down syndrome and depressive illness, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and psychosislike disorder in adolescents and adults with Down syndrome.


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