Which general physical features are characteristic of Down syndrome?

Updated: Apr 30, 2018
  • Author: Gratias Tom Mundakel, MBBS, DCH; Chief Editor: Maria Descartes, MD  more...
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General physical features in patients with Down syndrome may include the following:

  • Shortened extremities

  • Short, broad hands, with short fifth finger with hypoplasia of the middle phalanx and clinodactyly, along with single transverse palmar creases (~60% of patients)

  • Joint hyperextensibility or hyperflexibility

  • Neuromuscular hypotonia

  • Diastasis recti

  • Dry skin

  • Premature aging

  • Congenital heart defects

Complications of Down syndrome can involve almost every organ system of the body.

See Presentation for more detail.

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