What is the mortality and morbidity associated with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC)?

Updated: Jan 06, 2020
  • Author: Mithilesh K Lal, MD, MBBS, MRCP, FRCPCH, MRCPCH(UK); Chief Editor: Maria Descartes, MD  more...
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Answer

The life span of affected individuals depends on the disease severity and associated malformations but is usually normal. About 50% of patients with limb involvement and central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction die in the first year of life.

Scoliosis may compromise respiratory function. A retrospective study by Li et al indicated that arthrogryposis patients with concomitant scoliosis have worse pulmonary function than do individuals with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. In study patients with arthrogryposis/secondary scoliosis, mean values for forced vital capacity (%FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (%FEV1), and the ratio of FEV1 to FVC (%FEV1/FVC) were 48.8, 45.3, and 92.1, respectively, compared with 70.3, 69.7, and 96.9, respectively, for subjects with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. [6]

A literature review by Cirillo et al indicated that in patients with arthrogryposis, adults have a greater tendency to experience pain than do children, with self reports of pain being more common in individuals in whom multiple corrective procedures have been performed. [7]


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