Which conditions increase the risk of inguinal hernia?

Updated: Oct 31, 2018
  • Author: Andre Hebra, MD; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
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The following are associated with an increased risk of inguinal hernia:

Figures regarding inguinal hernia incarceration indicate the following risk patterns:

  • Incarceration occurs in 17% of right-sided hernias and 7% of left-sided hernias.

  • More than 50% of cases of incarceration occur within the first 6 months of life; the risk gradually decreases after age 1 year.

  • Premature infants have twice the risk of incarceration than the general pediatric population.

  • More than two thirds of all incarcerations occur in children younger than 1 year.

  • Girls are more likely to develop incarceration of an inguinal hernia; the incidence in girls is 17.2%, whereas the incidence in boys is 12%.

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