What are signs of pediatric gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

Updated: Mar 14, 2019
  • Author: Steven M Schwarz, MD, FAAP, FACN, AGAF; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
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Answer

There are no recognized classic physical signs of gastroesophageal reflux in the pediatric population. Some findings may include the following:

  • Nonverbal infant: Crying and irritability, failure to thrive, hiccups, sleep disturbances, Sandifer syndrome (arching)

  • Toddlers and older children: Significant dental problems from excessive regurgitation, causing acid effects on tooth enamel


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