What are the less common causes of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Updated: Nov 16, 2018
  • Author: Mutaz I Sultan, MBChB, MD; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
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Data from only one study links an increased prevalence of H pylori infection with a community's water supply. [29]

Other possible ways of transmission include vector-borne transmission. [30]

H pylori isolates are found more often in personnel who work in the endoscopy suite than in the general population.

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