Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Updated: Nov 16, 2018
  • Author: Mutaz I Sultan, MBChB, MD; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
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Answer

Physical examination of an asymptomatic child with H pylori infection usually yields unremarkable findings. In the child with chronic gastritis, duodenitis, and PUD, important examination findings include epigastric tenderness or findings consistent with GI bleeding (eg, guaiac-positive stools, tachycardia, pallor).

Children with PUD leading to complications (eg, severe blood loss in the GI tract, perforation, obstruction) can appear ill and have evidence of hemodynamic instability or signs of an acute abdomen. Children with long-standing PUD from H pylori may become profoundly anemic from undetected chronic bleeding and have no complaints.


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