What are infectious causes of acute diarrhea in developed countries?

Updated: Jan 31, 2020
  • Author: Stefano Guandalini, MD; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
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Answer

Infectious causes of acute diarrhea in developed countries

  • Viruses

    • Rotavirus - 25-40% of cases

    • Norovirus - 10-20% of cases

    • Calicivirus - 1-20% of cases

    • Astrovirus - 4-9% of cases

    • Enteric-type adenovirus - 2-4% of cases

  • Bacteria

    • Campylobacter jejuni - 6-8% of cases

    • Salmonella - 3-7% of cases

    • E Coli - 3-5% of cases

    • Shigella - 0-3% of cases

    • Y enterocolitica - 1-2% of cases

    • C difficile - 0-2% of cases

    • Vibrio parahaemolyticus - 0-1% of cases

    • V cholerae - Unknown

    • Aeromonas hydrophila - 0-2% of cases

  • Parasites

    • Cryptosporidium - 1-3% of cases

    • G lamblia - 1-3% of cases


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