Which factors predispose patients to infectious causes of diarrhea?

Updated: Jan 31, 2020
  • Author: Stefano Guandalini, MD; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
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Certain medical conditions predispose patients to infection, including the following:

  • C difficile - Hospitalization, antibiotic administration

  • Plesiomonas species - Liver diseases or malignancy

  • Salmonella species - Intestinal dysmotility, malnutrition, achlorhydria, hemolytic anemia (especially sickle cell disease), immunosuppression, malaria

  • Rotavirus - Hospitalization

  • Giardia species -Agammaglobulinemia, chronic pancreatitis, achlorhydria, cystic fibrosis

  • Cryptosporidia species - Immunocompromised or immunosuppressed state

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