How can food history be helpful in the diagnosis of diarrhea and which organisms cause food poisoning?

Updated: Jan 31, 2020
  • Author: Stefano Guandalini, MD; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
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Answer

Food history can be helpful.

  • Ingestion of raw or contaminated food is a common cause of infectious diarrhea.

  • Organisms that cause food poisoning include the following:

    • Dairy food -Campylobacter and Salmonella species

    • Eggs -Salmonella species

    • Meats -C perfringens and Aeromonas, Campylobacter, and Salmonella species

    • Ground beef - Enterohemorrhagic E coli

    • Poultry -Campylobacter species

    • Pork -C perfringens, Y enterocolitica

    • Seafood - Astrovirus and Aeromonas, Plesiomonas, and Vibrio species

    • Oysters - Calicivirus and Plesiomonas and Vibrio species

    • Vegetables -Aeromonas species and C perfringens

  • Guidelines on fruit juice intake for children by the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that in the evaluation of children with chronic diarrhea, excessive flatulence, abdominal pain, and bloating, the pediatrician should determine the amount of juice being consumed. [9]

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