Which medications in the drug class Barbiturates are used in the treatment of Cholestasis?

Updated: Aug 09, 2017
  • Author: Hisham Nazer, MBBCh, FRCP, DTM&H; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
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Answer

Barbiturates

These agents are used to induce hepatic enzyme metabolism in order to decrease serum bilirubin levels in some patients with cholestasis in order to improve function.

Phenobarbital (Luminal)

Mainly used as an anticonvulsant, which interferes with transmission of impulses from thalamus to cortex of brain, resulting in imbalance in central inhibitory and facilitatory mechanisms. Used in cholestasis to induce the CYP450 system in treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and lowering of bilirubin in chronic cholestasis.


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