What is the role of a glucagon test in the workup of hyposomatotropism (growth hormone deficiency [GHD])?

Updated: Jan 24, 2019
  • Author: Sunil Kumar Sinha, MD; Chief Editor: Robert P Hoffman, MD  more...
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Glucagon increases peripheral glucose concentrations by means of glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis. Because glucagon is rapidly metabolized, an abrupt reduction in serum glucose concentration ensues and triggers the release of counterregulatory hormones. [65]

After fasting overnight, patients receive an intramuscular injection of glucagon 0.03 mg/kg (not to exceed 1 mg). Some clinicians advocate the concomitant use of propranolol to inhibit the catecholaminergic response to hypoglycemia. Serum GH concentrations are determined at 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 minutes after glucagon administration. Nausea and, occasionally, emesis may occur.

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