What is the role of an arginine HCI test in the workup of hyposomatotropism (growth hormone deficiency [GHD])?

Updated: Jan 24, 2019
  • Author: Sunil Kumar Sinha, MD; Chief Editor: Robert P Hoffman, MD  more...
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Arginine appears to exert a direct depolarizing action on somatropic neurons, increasing GH secretion. After an overnight fast, patients are given 10% arginine HCl in 0.9% NaCl 0.5 g/kg (not to exceed 30 g) as a constant intravenous infusion over 30 minutes. Blood samples for GH testing are obtained at 0, 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes after the infusion of arginine is begun. Arginine has historically been used as a primer before insulin is administered during insulin tolerance testing. [63, 64]

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