What is included in the physical exam of hypogonadism in females?

Updated: Apr 03, 2019
  • Author: Maria G Vogiatzi, MD; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Answer

Considerations in the physical examination of females with hypogonadism include the following:

  • Examination of the genitalia is important

  • Determination of the extent of androgenization: May be adrenal or ovarian in origin and is demonstrated in pubic and axillary hair

  • Determination of the extent of estrogenization: As evidenced by breast development and maturation of the vaginal mucosa

  • Examination for signs of Turner syndrome (eg, short stature, webbing of the neck [such as pterygium colli], a highly arched palate, short fourth metacarpals, widely spaced nipples, or multiple pigmented nevi)

See Clinical Presentation for more detail.


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