What is the prevalence of pediatric hypoglycemia?

Updated: Feb 19, 2018
  • Author: Robert P Hoffman, MD; Chief Editor: Sasigarn A Bowden, MD  more...
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Answer

One study found hypoglycemic events in newborns weighing more than 2500 grams from term, singleton, nondiabetic pregnancies occurring at rate of 24.7 events per 1000 infant-days at risk. [7] Hypoglycemia is more common in neonates born at less than 37 weeks' gestation and in those born at more than 40 weeks' gestation, with incidence rates of 2.4% in neonates born at 37 weeks' gestation, 0.7% in neonates born at 38-40 weeks' gestation, and 1.6% and 1.8% in neonates born at 41 weeks' gestation and 42 weeks' gestation, respectively. [8] The incidence of hypoglycemia in children older than 6 months in a large urban emergency department was 0.034%. [9]

A study by Birkebaek et al found the rate of severe hypoglycemia among children with type 1 diabetes mellitus in Denmark, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden to be 6.0 per 100 patient-years, with the lowest incidence in Sweden. [10]


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