What are the complications of pediatric hypoglycemia?

Updated: Feb 19, 2018
  • Author: Robert P Hoffman, MD; Chief Editor: Sasigarn A Bowden, MD  more...
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Answer

Many of the etiologies of hypoglycemia may carry the same consequences, complicating the causal distinction. Infants and children with asymptomatic hypoglycemia have been shown to have neurocognitive defects at the time of hypoglycemia, including impaired auditory and sensory-evoked responses and impaired test performance. (See Prognosis, History, and Physical Examination.)

Long-term consequences of hypoglycemia include decreased head size, lowered IQ, and specific regional brain abnormalities observed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).


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