How is pediatric type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) treated during pregnancy?

Updated: Jul 03, 2019
  • Author: William H Lamb, MD, MBBS, FRCP(Edin), FRCP, FRCPCH; Chief Editor: Sasigarn A Bowden, MD  more...
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Answer

Pregnancies should be planned and carefully managed to achieve healthy outcomes for mother and infant. Preconceptual normalization of blood sugars and folic acid supplements (at least 5 mg/d) reduce the otherwise increased risk of congenital heart disease and neural tube defects. Blood sugar control during pregnancy must be strict to avoid hypoglycemia, which may damage the fetus, and persistent hyperglycemia, which leads to fetal gigantism, premature delivery, and increased infant morbidity and mortality. DKA during pregnancy may result in fetal death.


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