What are the complications in males with uncontrolled congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)?

Updated: Oct 06, 2020
  • Author: Thomas A Wilson, MD; Chief Editor: Sasigarn A Bowden, MD  more...
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Answer

Males with uncontrolled congenital adrenal hyperplasia may develop masses in the testes (adrenal rests or adrenal tissue) because the gonads and adrenal glands are derived from the same embryologic anlage. Because the adrenal rests are under ACTH control, the adrenal rests enlarge when ACTH concentrations are elevated. The adrenal rests may cause discomfort and may be mistaken for testicular tumors, resulting in unnecessary surgery. Furthermore, these rests may cause oligospermia or azoospermia and infertility.


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