What is included in patient education about the administration of glucocorticoid for pediatric adrenal insufficiency (Addison disease)?

Updated: Dec 07, 2018
  • Author: Kimberly Tafuri, DO; Chief Editor: Sasigarn A Bowden, MD  more...
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Answer

Patients and their caretakers should know how to administer supplemental glucocorticoid in times of illness or traumatic stress. Include education about how to administer an injectable glucocorticoid when the patient is vomiting or unable to take oral stress doses. Periodically reinforce this information, because caretakers are often reluctant to inject medications.

An intramuscular injection of hydrocortisone (eg, 25 mg for infants, 50 mg for children, 100 mg for adults) can be lifesaving in the interval before the patient receives professional medical care. If this injection is not possible, rectal hydrocortisone can be used until systemic glucocorticoids can be administered.


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