What are the mortality rates associated with physical child abuse?

Updated: Apr 24, 2017
  • Author: Angelo P Giardino, MD, MPH, PhD; Chief Editor: Caroly Pataki, MD  more...
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Answer

Mortality

According to the NIS-4 study, an estimated 2400 children were known to have died as a result of maltreatment from 2005-2006. According to Prevent Child Abuse America's National Center on Child Abuse Prevention Research, in 2006 an estimated 1,530 were known to have died as a result of child maltreatment, which is an average of 4 children each day of the year. [16] Children aged 0-3 years accounted for 78% of the child abuse and neglect fatalities, with infants younger than 1 year accounting for 44.2% of these maltreatment-related fatalities. When looking at the types of maltreatment that accounted for the fatalities, the breakdown is as follows:

  • Child neglect - 43%

  • Multiple forms of maltreatment - 31.4%

  • Physical abuse - 22.4%

  • Psychological abuse - 2.9%

  • Child sexual abuse - 0.3%

The estimated death rate for child abuse and neglect in the United States is 3 per 100,000 children.


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