What are the possible etiologies of acute and chronic peroneal tendon injury?

Updated: Mar 07, 2018
  • Author: Steven J Karageanes, DO, FAOASM; Chief Editor: Craig C Young, MD  more...
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Answer

Most peroneal tendon injuries are caused by the typical acute or recurrent lateral ankle sprain. As stated above, isolated injury to the peroneal tendons is rare.

  • Acute injury involves forceful dorsiflexion with contraction of the peroneal muscles or an inversion injury with a high load. Most acute injuries have subacute and chronic tendinopathy.

  • Chronic injury involves repeated inversion injuries, damage to the posterior talofibular and lateral malleolar retinaculum, and/or recurrent dislocation of the peroneal tendons, leading to chronic tears and lateral ankle instability. (See the image below.)

    Dislocated peroneal tendons. Left, Note the course Dislocated peroneal tendons. Left, Note the course of the tendons anterior to the lateral malleolus. Right, Image demonstrates manual relocation of the displaced tendons.

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