What is the sport-specific biomechanics of peroneal tendon syndromes?

Updated: Mar 07, 2018
  • Author: Steven J Karageanes, DO, FAOASM; Chief Editor: Craig C Young, MD  more...
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Answer

Most sports have elements of running and lateral movement. Sports such as soccer, basketball, and football can be highly demanding on the lower extremity.

The role of the peroneus muscles is to evert the ankle and stabilize its subtalar motion. In balancing the foot, they play off the posterior tibialis muscle on the opposite side of the tibia. Maximal exertion occurs with side-to-side movement and jumping.

The importance of the peroneus muscles is most obvious after lateral ankle sprains. Trauma to the lateral ankle distorts the proprioceptive sense and stretches the connective tissues. The peroneus muscles are often stretched and injured from traction when the foot inverts.

Ankle instability ensues and continues until the lateral retinaculum heals, the peroneal muscles recover, and proprioception returns. If the retinaculum does not heal properly and cannot retain its tension to stabilize the peroneal tendons, symptoms of instability may not resolve without further intervention


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