Which medications in the drug class Stimulants are used in the treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Updated: Sep 30, 2019
  • Author: James Robert Brasic, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Caroly Pataki, MD  more...
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Answer

Stimulants

Stimulants may be effective for treating hyperactivity associated with autism. The magnitude of response, however, is less than that seen in developmentally normal children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Quillivant XR, Ritalin LA, Concerta)

Methylphenidate is thought to block the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine into the presynaptic neuron and increase the release of these monoamines into the extraneuronal space. Methylphenidate is a racemic mixture composed of the d- and l-enantiomers. The d-enantiomer is more pharmacologically active than the l-enantiomer.


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