Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)?

Updated: Sep 30, 2019
  • Author: James Robert Brasic, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Caroly Pataki, MD  more...
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Answer

Neuropsychological consultation can be helpful to assess intelligence. Deficits in simple and complex problem-solving tasks (verbal and nonverbal), are likely to be demonstrated on the following tests:

  • Wisconsin Card Sorting Test

  • Trail Making Test

  • Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test

Other consultations include the following:

  • Ophthalmologic consultation - May be indicated to rule out a treatable visual deficit; special lenses are reported to help some individuals with autistic disorder

  • Neurologic consultation with a movement disorder specialist - Indicated to evaluate tics and other movement disorders when present

  • Infectious disease consultation - May be helpful to rule out bacterial or fungal infections

  • Metabolic consultation - May help to identify any deficiencies

  • Immunologic consultation - May be useful to rule out immune abnormalities; the possible benefits of experimental treatments, such as intravenous (IV) immunoglobulin therapy, must be weighed against the risks of experimental treatments

  • Otolaryngologic consultation - May be indicated to rule out deficits in the auditory apparatus; additionally, audiography is indicated to rule out hearing deficits


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