Which urea-containing emollients are used in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Updated: Jun 03, 2020
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Answer

Urea-containing products have been shown to soften and moisturize dry skin. Commonly available preparations include Aquacare cream or lotion and Ureacin Crème. Alpha-hydroxy and lactic acid preparations also are helpful as moisturizers. Name brands include Aqua Lacten Lotion, AmLactin Lotion, LactiCare Lotion, Lac-Hydrin Lotion, and Nutraderm 30. In addition, 12% ammonium lactate lotion has been shown to improve skin barrier function and even to mitigate dermal or epidermal atrophy induced by corticosteroids. [25] Because of the stinging sensation experienced by children with acute or fissured dermatoses, the 10% urea concentration is preferred over the higher concentrations, and care should also be used in the application of the alpha-hydroxy and lactic acid preparations. LactiCare-HC Lotion also contains hydrocortisone to further benefit acute flares of atopic dermatitis.


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