Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Updated: Apr 26, 2021
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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No definitive laboratory tests are used to diagnose atopic dermatitis (AD). Elevated serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and peripheral blood eosinophilia occur in most individuals with atopic dermatitis, and these findings may be useful in confirming the atopic status of suspected cases. The presence of serum IgE directed against the cell wall of S aureus is observed in hyper-IgE syndrome and atopic dermatitis.

Common infections that mimic or complicate atopic dermatitis can be tested for as follows: conduct a Tzanck smear for herpes simplex virus (HSV), a potassium hydroxide (KOH) preparation for dermatophytes, and a Gram stain for bacterial infections.

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