What are the possible complications of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

Updated: Feb 25, 2019
  • Author: Michael C Plewa, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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See the list below:

  • Secondary bacterial infection is rare.

  • Patients with major recurrent aphthous ulcers (canker sores) can have clinically significant oral scarring.

  • Painful lesions can cause interruption in eating and drinking, leading to dehydration and perhaps nutritional deficiencies.

  • Patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) may have ulcerations that are resistant to topical steroid therapy. However, systemic steroids must be administered only with caution because of the possibility of adverse effects, especially the development of opportunistic infections.

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