What are the treatment guidelines for pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Updated: Jun 04, 2021
  • Author: Jack M Becker, MD; Chief Editor: Harumi Jyonouchi, MD  more...
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Answer

In 2015, the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO-HNS) released guidelines for treating patients ages 2 and up who suffer from allergic rhinitis. [17]

Key recommendations include the following:

  • For patients with a stuffy nose, nasal passage discoloration, and/or red and watery eyes, doctors should forgo sinus imaging process in favor of specific immunoglobulin E screening. Sinonasal imaging exposes patients to unnecessary radiation.
  • Intranasal steroids and oral antihistamines are recommended as first lines of treatment. Oral leukotriene receptor antagonists are not.
  • Sublingual or subcutaneous immunotherapy should be offered to patients who do not respond to pharmacologic therapy.

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