How can pollen be avoided by patients with pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Updated: Jun 04, 2021
  • Author: Jack M Becker, MD; Chief Editor: Harumi Jyonouchi, MD  more...
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Answer

Pollen is more difficult to avoid because daily activities must be altered to do so.

  • The patient is best advised to remain indoors with air-conditioning during the period of the highest pollen counts of the day. Commonly, remaining indoors is not possible because of activities, and many schools are not air-conditioned. If it is a room unit air-conditioner, then it must be set to indoor air, not to draw in the outdoor pollens.

  • An easy intervention is to keep the windows closed, which is easily accomplished in air-conditioned homes, and must be done throughout the year. Windows tend to be opened most frequently during fall and spring in moderate climates, but these seasons are the worst possible times for open windows for patients with pollen allergy. If windows must be open, open them during the day and close them at night. Many pollen counts are highest during the night, especially for molds and trees.

  • Another intervention is to obtain a window filter or filter fan, which allows air, but not pollen, to enter the room.

  • Advise patients to wash head to toe and to change clothing upon coming in from the outdoors during high pollen season. Avoid hanging cloths outdoors to dry.


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