Which medications are used in the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Updated: Jun 04, 2021
  • Author: Jack M Becker, MD; Chief Editor: Harumi Jyonouchi, MD  more...
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Answer

Many groups of medications are used for allergic rhinitis, including antihistamines, corticosteroids, decongestants, saline, sodium cromolyn, and antileukotrienes. These can be further subdivided into intranasal and oral therapies.

The following medications are used in pediatric patients with allergic rhinitis:

  • Second-generation antihistamines (eg, cetirizine, levocetirizine, loratadine, desloratadine, fexofenadine)

  • Intranasal antihistamines (eg, azelastine, intranasal olopatadine)

  • Intranasal corticosteroids (eg, intranasal beclomethasone, intranasal budesonide, intranasal ciclesonide, intranasal flunisolide, intranasal fluticasone, intranasal mometasone, intranasal triamcinolone)

  • Intranasal antihistamine/corticosteroid (eg, azelastine/fluticasone intranasal)

  • Intranasal decongestants (eg, ipratropium intranasal)

  • Intranasal mast cell stabilizers (eg, intranasal cromolyn sodium)

  • Leukotriene receptor antagonists (eg, montelukast)


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