Which dietary restrictions are used in the treatment of migraine-associated vertigo?

Updated: Jan 18, 2019
  • Author: Aaron G Benson, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Answer

Avoiding certain foods helps less than 25-30% of all people who experience migraines. In general, the following foods should be avoided:

  • Monosodium glutamate (MSG)

  • Certain alcoholic beverages - Eg, red wine, port, sherry, scotch, bourbon

  • Aged cheese - Eg, Colby, Roquefort, Brie, Gruyere, cheddar, bleu, mozzarella, Parmesan, Boursault, Romano

  • Chocolate (including carob)

  • Aspartame

MSG is often found in certain soups, Chinese food and fast food, soy sauce, yeast, yeast extract, meat tenderizers, seasoned salt, and several salad dressings.

An elimination diet for 1 month may be prescribed. If, after 1 month, symptoms are not better, diet modification is not helpful. If foods are a trigger for symptoms, the offending food(s) can be identified by adding back 1 food at a time until the symptoms return.


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