What is the prevalence of migraine-associated vertigo?

Updated: Jan 18, 2019
  • Author: Aaron G Benson, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Answer

Migraine is an extremely common disorder worldwide; in the United States alone, this condition occurs in 18% of women and in 6% of men aged 12-80 years, a total of 25-28 million people. [9] Women of childbearing age are most affected, with an approximate prevalence of 25% in 35-year-old women. [10]

In 1984, Kayan and Hood reported a significant increase in the frequency of vertigo in people with migraines versus people with tension headaches. [11]

Overall, episodic vertigo occurs in about 25-35% of all migraine patients. Using these figures, roughly 3.0-3.5% of people in the US have episodic vertigo and migraine, [9]  although a study by Formeister et al employing data from the 2008 National Health Interview Survey indicated that 2.7% of adults in the United States suffer from migraine-associated vertigo. [12]

Comparatively, the prevalence of Ménière disease (a peripheral vestibular disorder with symptoms overlapping that of migraine-associated vertigo) is estimated to be 0.2% of the US population. [13]

A Turkish study, by Batu et al, of 100 children with vertigo who presented to a pediatric neurology referral center found that migraine-associated vertigo was the fourth most common form of the condition (11%) among these patients, behind benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood (39%), psychogenic vertigo (21%), and epileptic vertigo (15%). [14]

For patient education information, see the Headache and Migraine Center, as well as Migraine Headache, Vertigo, Dizziness, and Understanding Migraine and Cluster Headache Medications.


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