What is the prognosis of submandibular sialadenitis/sialadenosis?

Updated: May 12, 2020
  • Author: Adi Yoskovitch, MD, MSc; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

See the list below:

  • The prognosis of acute sialadenitis is very good. Most cases are easily treated with conservative medical management, and admission is the exception, not the rule. Acute symptoms resolve within 1 week; however, edema in the area may last several weeks.

  • Postsurgery, patients are often already admitted with appropriate intravenous antibiotics. These patients have a similar prognosis.

  • Patients with chronic sialadenitis often have a relapsing and remitting course. Prognosis is dependent on the etiology.

  • Patients with sialolithiasis require definitive surgical treatment in most cases, which results in an excellent prognosis.

  • Patients with Sjögren or other autoimmune diseases are likely to have a protracted course related to systemic involvement.

  • Patients with sialadenosis have a good prognosis, if their underlying problem is adequately controlled. Even if control is attained, bilateral swelling may be persistent.


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