What are the stones composed of in salivary calculi (sialolithiasis)?

Updated: May 12, 2020
  • Author: Adi Yoskovitch, MD, MSc; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

The stones themselves are typically composed of calcium phosphate or calcium carbonate in association with other salts and organic material such as glycoproteins, desquamated cellular residue, and mucopolysaccharides.

Patients most often present with a colicky postprandial swelling of the gland. The course of the disease is typically relapsing and remitting until a final definitive treatment, usually in the form of surgery, is undertaken.


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