Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Animal Bites to the Head and Neck?

Updated: Oct 24, 2018
  • Author: Suzanne K Doud Galli, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
  • Print
Answer

Antibiotics

Therapy must be comprehensive and cover all likely pathogens in the context of this clinical setting.

Amoxicillin and clavulanate (Augmentin)

Drug combination treats bacteria resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics.

In children >3 mo, base dosing protocol on amoxicillin content. Due to different amoxicillin/clavulanic acid ratios in 250-mg tab (250/125) vs 250-mg chewable tab (250/62.5), do not use 250-mg tab until child weighs >40 kg.

Penicillin (Beepen-VK, Pfizerpen)

Inhibits biosynthesis of cell wall mucopeptide. Bactericidal against sensitive organisms when adequate concentrations are reached. Most effective during stage of active multiplication. Inadequate concentrations may produce only bacteriostatic effects.


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!