Which medications in the drug class Vaccines are used in the treatment of Animal Bites to the Head and Neck?

Updated: Oct 24, 2018
  • Author: Suzanne K Doud Galli, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Vaccines

In the event of possible rabies exposure, human diploid vaccine can be administered.

Rabies virus vaccine (Imovax, RabAvert)

Inactivated form of virus grown in primary cultures of chicken fibroblasts. Offers active immunity and, when used in combination with human rabies immune globulin and local wound treatment, protects postexposure patients of all age groups. Fourteen days after initiating immunization series, antirabies antibody titers reach levels well above minimal protective level of 0.5 IU/mL.

Vaccine must be injected IM and never SC, ID, or IV. In adults, inject into deltoid muscle area. In small children, administer into anterolateral zone of thigh.


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