Which antibiotics are used in the treatment of animal bites?

Updated: Oct 24, 2018
  • Author: Suzanne K Doud Galli, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
  • Print
Answer

Injuries to the head and neck region have a lower risk of infection than injuries to the extremities. The risk of infection is increased with puncture wounds, treatment delay (6-12 h), and in patients older than 50 years. Likewise, patients who are immunocompromised are at increased risk.

The most common organisms are Staphylococcus species, Streptococcus species, Pasteurella multocida, and anaerobic organisms. No single drug of choice exists for empiric therapy (ie, no single drug targets all these organisms).


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!